"What does it mean to be educated?"
- thanks for the work, it helped a lot)
- And is not that called an essay?
- An example of the analysis of the text of the journalistic style.
What does it mean to be educated?
Well-educated person ... If you are told about this, consider that you have received praise.
So what is good breeding?
It's not just good manners. It is something deeper in man. Being educated means being attentive to another, sensitive, tactful, modest.
It seems to me that the artist of the Art Theater Vasiliy Ivanovich Kachalov was such. He certainly remembered all the names and patronymics of the people he met. He respected people and was always interested in them. With him, every woman felt attractive, worthy of care. Everyone felt themselves in his presence intelligent, very necessary.
One evening Vasily Ivanovich saw two strange female figures. It turned out to be blind who got lost. Kachalov immediately offered them his services, escorted him to the tram, helped him to board the train. The roots of this act are not just knowledge of good tone, but in cordiality and kindness to people. So, it's all about thoughts and motivations.
And knowledge of the norms of behavior only helps manifest inner goodness and humanity.
(According to S.Giatsintova)
This text is a journalistic style. It is relevant, socially significant on the topic, emotional. Among the linguistic and speech tools characteristic for publicism are the following:
nominee presentation (Educated person ...);
direct appeal to the interlocutor (if they say about you ...);
a rhetorical question;
justified repetition of words and syntactic parallelism of constructions (see the third paragraph);
series of homogeneous members with a comparative and adversary value;
abstract vocabulary (education, humanity, motivation).
This text refers to reasoning. The thesis (the second and third paragraphs) is designed in the form of a question and answers to it and is constructed according to the type of description of the subject: the notion of being educated is used as the given one, and as a new word that reveals this concept. Then there is a proof of the truth of this statement, an example of a truly educated person is given. In this part of the text, the description of the subject (the traits of Kachalov's character) is first used, then the narrative (one of Kachalov's acts). Further, the author, commenting on the example, returns to the position stated at the beginning of the text and makes a conclusion from it: the sources of good manners in kindness and respect for people.
- Intelligent, intelegent, accurate in communication, will not allow himself too much, etc.
- What does it mean to be educated?
Quite naturally became for us phrases: He is a well-bred person, She is just a hamster, etc. But often we ourselves find it difficult to determine what the educated person puts into the concept. And, by the way, it would be nice to know what kind of education is formed, at least in order to be exactly what the people want to see us.
The ancient Greeks claimed that one must be a very outstanding person to allow oneself to be impolite. It is politeness that softens morals, warns quarrels, pacifies irritation and hatred, makes you restrain, fosters love and respect. Politeness can be learned, but there is also an innate politeness that comes from the heart, not from upbringing.
Rules of politeness forbid:
- enter the official institution with a hat (for men) and speak loudly (to people of both sexes);
- making noise, disturbing and annoying others;
- criticize someone's religious beliefs;
- To humiliate someone else's nationality;
- to laugh at mistakes and misses of other people;
- Give the interlocutor aloud with offensive epithets;
- Send a letter or gift to the return address;
- in a disrespectful tone to respond about close interlocutor;
- distort names and surnames;
- open another's bag, peer into it, if it is open, examine the contents of other people's pockets;
- unauthorizedly push out the drawers of someone else's table and shift their contents both at work and at home, and also open someone else's closet, cupboard, pantry.
Tact is a moral intuition of the educated person, as if suggesting the most correct approach, the most subtle, sensitive, cautious line of behavior towards others.
Tact assumes in us tolerance, generosity, attention and deep respect for the inner peace of other people, a sincere desire and ability to understand them, to feel what can bring them joy and what to upset. Tactfulness is a sense of a measure that should be observed in conversation, in any relationship with people, the ability not to cross the border, which is always offended by the interlocutor. Tactfulness also involves the ability to determine in a timely manner the respondent's response to our words or actions, and in necessary cases - self-criticism and the ability to apologize in time for the mistake committed.
The tact does not abolish adherence to principles, directness, honesty, and rules of tactful behavior are far from the first in the moral code. But very often it is the lack of tactfulness that hurts people close to us.
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