What surnames are not inclined?
Question, what surnames are not inclined, arises quite often, since even among ethnic Russians many names have a foreign origin, not to mention foreigners.
Meanwhile, there are some simple rules, which names are not inclined in the Russian language.
So, do not decline the female names with an ending on a consonant sound or with a zero ending, for example: Kuzik, Rybak, Lebed, Stankevich, etc.
Male surnames, meanwhile, are declining.
Do not bend the name with an ending at O: Gulko, Khomenko, Drozdenko, etc.
Do not bend the surnames Foreign ending with a vowel sound: Dumas, Hugo, Goethe, etc. But Russian and Slavic names are declining.
Do not decline the female surnames, which end in a consonantal letter and a soft sign too: Streplyuk, Pilgul, but my Piluy, Pikul
Surnames of precisely not Russian origin ending with vowels -a -, - I-: Migulya, Vine
those that end in -ko: Lysenko, Litvinenko, on-yy-: White, and also on -go, -o, -yago
I do not know why, but my mother told me that my name Nagago is not inclined, as if this is completely the root of the word and, at the end, is not an end, as if from Georgia the cut-off was cut.
Usually, when you need to remember one or another rule of the Russian language, I try not to memorize the sheets of texts, but to find visual tables or structured texts in the form of schemes, lists.
Here is what we managed to find on this issue:
Agree, so information is easier to remember. These charts / tables can be printed. If nevertheless there were difficulties at memorizing, put these sheets on prominent places where you often happen. The visual memory will do everything for you.
tell me then how to be with the surname of the female gender? stress on (a). She was never inclined, only later did the question arise when she received the certificate and when she received the diploma, the teachers turned to linguists and only then wrote everywhere without declension.
If the names end in -yh, -ih, they do not decline (female and male).
Male surnames that end with a consonant (soft or hard) tend, and women do not.
Consider the male and female surnames, which end in a vowel sound:
My name does not lean towards me, it ends at -yin, although I always wrote in my childhood as a child, and then my parents explained that I did not decline!
Basic rules: Do not bend the names of women who end up with a consonant sound (letter) - Russian and foreign. Also Russian names do not bow, ending in -ih and -yh. Do not bow to the surname (any, male, and female) ending in a vowel letter, other than quot; aquot ;.
There are also a number of exceptions.
30 years lived and my name did not bow, and the son went to school and began to incline her. We write Codyan, and we are signed by Kodian, the last name is Moldovan.
Do not bow to such names, which end in quot ;, "quot ;, theirquot ;, quot; iqquot ;, quot; iqquot ;. Similarly, the surnames of men and women are not inclined to the vowel, except for the letter "aquot ;. The names do not yet bow, which end in quot ;, uhquot ;. I think this is the right answer.
Here at first glance, everything is complicated. But only at first. So, the rules are:
- If the surname is foreign (Goldberg) or Russian (Wolf) and ends with a consonant, then it inclines if it refers to a man (Goldberg, Goldberg), and does not decline if it refers to a woman (always Goldberg).
- If the surname is Slavic and ends in -yh, -ih, then it never inclines, regardless of the gender quot; ownerquot ;.
- Surnames that end in -h - male tend (Vulich, Vulich, Vulich), women do not bow (Vulich - always).
- Surnames that coincide with the names of common nouns or their own (Nose, Grach, Grave, Mole, Lynx, etc.) - lean towards men (Mole, Molya, Molu) and do not bow to women (Mole is Mole, always). There is one BUT: there is such a name Mouse (and to her like). So if you want to say that the book of a man named Innocent Mouse came out, it will not be the book of Innocent Mouse (it would seem that it is necessary to incline the mouse), but the book of Innocent Mouse.
- Surnames that end in -owo, -aco, -yago, -ago - never bow (for example, Zhivago).
- Surnames that end with vowels (except unstressed a) - Zola, Morua, Dumas, etc. - do not bow.
- Surnames on -ya also do not decline (Gulia). The same applies to Finnish surnames in -a. But the names on-i tend (Beria, Beria, Beria).
- In the official speech, the surnames are not inclined to -ko and -o (Franco, Rushailo, Kovalenko). But in fiction and speaking are often inclined. The same applies to such rare names as Tolokno, Soap, and others.
- Surnames that end in -ok, -ek, eet. Here it is debatable. But the stylistic dictionaries recommend inciting male surnames with such endings. For example, Alexei Kitten.
- Another very confusing case is Georgian and Japanese surnames. They are either leaning or not. Lately they are declining. Although it is clear that the surname with the ending - do not very much stick. But the name of Chikobava and Okudzhava (both Georgian) can easily be inclined (for example, Okudzhava songs).