Prichastny and gedevichastny turnover - examples and rules?
The sacramental involvement is communion with dependent words. Communion is a part of speech that combines the signs of a verb and an adjective. It can be found on the "schematic"; words-hints: doing-doing (for real participles), done-done (for passive).
If the participial turn is up to the main word, it does not stand out in commas in the text, if after - stands out:
Waiting for luggage passengers crowded at the transporter.
Passengers, baggage-awaiting, crowded at the transporter.
And the sacrament, and the participial turn entirely in the sentence, always performs the role of a definition.
The gerunds answer questions that do? Or What? And the single verbal participle, and the gerundive turn are separated on the letter by commas, are circumstances.
Exceptions are the cases when the gerundive participates in the category of the adverb, then in the syntactic structure it is considered just as an adverb.
In the Russian syntax participial is a participle with dependent words. In the sentence, as a rule, it is an integral syntactic structure, that is, it is not divided into parts, and serves as a definition.
Wolves avoid roads, laid by man.
The privy turnaround after defined word, always separates.
But there are cases when this turnaround is made when it is far from the word being defined, for example:
Over the sky, chased by the wind, ran torn, gloomy clouds.
If the participial turnover is circumstantial reasons or concessions, even if it is in front of the defined noun, it is separated by commas, for example:
A frightened crackle of firecrackers, the puppy was huddled under a bench.
Tired of excitement in the exam, the boy quickly fell asleep.
Participial turnover constitutes the very verbal participle in the environment of dependent words.
Noisy and playing on the ruts, the river carried its waters.
This turn is always allocated in the sentence, except for some special cases, for example, if the participial turn is a homogeneous circumstance along with the dialect and between them is the union и:
He said lazily и slightly stretching out words.
In order to deal with the turns, we need to remember what is the sacrament and the gospel.
Communion means a sign of an object, and the gerundive is a sign of the verb.
Communion answers the question: which one? which one?, and gerundive: that doing that by doing?
The sacramental involvement is communion with dependent words.
Accordingly, gerundive with dependent words, this is called the gerundive turnover.
The involved turn in the proposal in most cases acts in the form of a definition.
Examples of participles: looking, looking, thinking, dreaming, etc.
Example of participial turnover: quot; Girl, sitting by the fire, looked attractive ";
Sitting by the fire, this is the involved turn.
Since it is in the middle of the sentence, it should be separated by commas on both sides.
If the participial turnover is at the beginning of the sentence, then it is not necessary to allocate it with a comma.
If at the end, a comma is placed before the turnover.
For example: "Dressed red coat girl looked stunningly".
quot; She looked stunning girl, dressed in a red coat;
Examples of verbal participles: learning, reading, unlocking, reading.
A verbal participle is always allocated with a comma.
Yes, from the point of view of the syntactic analysis of the sentence, the participial turnover always performs the function of definition (because it answers the question "Which / which / what" and is a sign).
- child playing in the garden is a child (what?) playing
- strong wind, dispersing clouds - wind (what?) accelerating
While the verbal participle will act in the sentence in the syntactic role of the circumstance and answer the question "how?":
- the wind intensified, accelerating clouds - intensified (how?) accelerating = circumstance of the mode of action
- quietly playing in the garden, the child was left without attention of adults
The participial turnover is the communion with the dependent words and the gerundive turnover is the gerund with the dependent words!
The involved turn: I saw a cat lapping from a bowl.
He listened to the music coming from the receiver.
The verbal participle: I looked at the rising sun without taking my eyes off.
Goose, seeing the children, flew away.
The sacramental involvement is nothing more than communion with dependent words. In the sentence, he acts as a definition, because he defines a noun. It is separated by commas in the event that it stands after the specified noun.
The gerundive turnover is the gerundive with dependent words. In the sentence, it acts as a circumstance and is always separated by commas.
Participle in the Russian language participles with a dependent word.
A participial turn is allocated by commas, if it stands in the sentence after the noun, the sign of which stands for. If it is before the noun, then commas are not allocated.
The grandfather who came to see us was very sick.
The grandfather who came to us went to rest.
We refer to the verb as a verbal participle, and the gerundive movement is the gerundive in a compartment with a word dependent on it. In sentences, a verbal participle is always allocated with commas, in whatever place it is located.
Having described a circle, a paper airplane collapsed behind a log of firewood.
Mother entered the door, taking off gloves.
A verbal participle with the dependent words and answers the questions: how? when? why? for what purpose? how?. For example: They wind over blooming willows, collecting golden pollen, bees flying out of the beehive. In this sentence, the verbal participle is separated by commas. A participial turn is communion with dependent words, that is, verb + adjective. Answer the sacrament to the questions: what? which one? What? what kind? what is he doing? What did he do? For example: flying, distraught.
The participial turnover is a communion with the dependent words. A participial turn is always a definition in a sentence, since it determines the noun standing before or after it. Comma is separated by a comma, only if it is after the specified noun, if before, it is not allocated with commas.
On the shore stood a boy waiting for a ship.
The participial turnover is a gerundance together with dependent words. The participial turn in the sentence acts as a circumstance. The comma is always allocated.
Masha went home, singing a song.
To remember the rules and practice in determining to distinguish one from another, there are many tests for both home use and online. I offer to your attention a few:
Test of the Russian language, 7 class, on the subject quot;
test in the Russian language Zakharina
Here there can be questions
And on this portal you can read more about the syntactic traps, in which cases the verbal participle can not be used at all and why.