Examples of paronyms?
Paronyms (from the Greek. Para-about, onyma-name) are words that are partially similar in sound with full or partial similarity of their meanings. Some scholars consider single-root words to be paronyms belonging to one part of speech, for example, quot; young - youthful; quot; quot; marsh - swampy; quot; pay-pay-fee quot ;, quot; main - title "quot; and others. Other scientists refer to paronyms single-rooted words with similar accent, for example, quot; a companion is a companion ;, or with consonant prefixes: quot; To wear - to dress up;). Paronyms differ from synonyms (words with a similar meaning) in that they are single-rooted, but synonyms are not, for example. quot; tall - tall (man) quot ;.
The first word is a paronym - the essence is a creature, the second word is a paronym - the act is a misdemeanor, the third word is a paronym, the escour is an excursion, the fourth word is a paronym, the base is the basis, the fifth word is a paronym, the educative, the sixth word, feminine - feminine.
The addressee (the person to whom the letter is addressed) is the addressee (the person who addresses the letter).
An article is a forgery (something illegal, false).
Parent (mother) is the parent (mother).
The serf (the defender of serfdom) is a serf (peasant).
Pain (feeling of suffering) is a disease (an ailment).
Godina (the time of some significant events) is an anniversary (the calendar date of an event).
Самоуправление (самостоятельная организация какого-либо процесса внутри группы) - самоуправство (самовольные действия, не соответствующие нормам).
Leather (made of leather) - skin (related to the skin).
Irresponsible (not responsible for their actions) - unrequited (one who is not able to respond to something).
The death (leading to death) is mortal (the one to whom death is destined).
Iron (made of iron) - ferrous (having iron in the composition).
Piteous (inspiring pity) - compassionate (imbued with pity).
The patient (the one who is sick) is a painful (susceptible to diseases).
Aromatic (with a pleasant smell) - aromatic (containing fragrant components).
Kind (imbued with kindness) - sound (nahdny, quality).
To lower - to let go.
To despise is to look.
Shear - cut.
To understand is to penetrate.
Desecrate - bleed.
Paronyms are words that are written almost identically, but have different meanings. Examples of paronyms
Warranty and Guaranteed
See the meaning of words
Kind and sound
Значение этой пары паронимов
And we look at a small list of paronyms with words that complement the meaning.
They are worth remembering, or better to think first about what you want to write, and then insert words into the text
Often people make speech errors without knowing the meaning and meaning of the paronyms. They sound, maybe, and it seems, but they hardly mean the same thing. For example, before confusing quot;equestrianquot; and quot;horsequot ;, but then I remembered the meanings of these words so as not to make any mistakes anymore. Horse - this is what is associated with the horse or what operates with it (for example, horsepower, mounted army). A horse - this is what directly belongs to the horse itself (horse meat, pony tail), and in some cases it is one of the parts of names in botany (horse beans).
So with the words quot;racingquot; (what for racing: racing bike, racing skis) and quot;beaglequot; (usually we are talking about a beast that serves to deliver something: a hound dog).
Female - feminine
Forest - wooded
And there are about a thousand such pairs.
Greek by origin word paronyms (para-about, onyma-name) in Russian vocabulary is called self-root or similar in sounding words, differing in shades of meaning and therefore having different compatibility with other words. In other words, each word-paronym has its own retinue of words. If, without knowing the exact meaning of the word-paronym, to use it in speech, then it is possible to admit a lexical mistake - a mixture of paronyms, as, for example, here:
I put on a hat (instead of quot; put on;);
In the yard there is a malicious dog (instead of "evil";).
His executive talent was highly appreciated by the jury of the contest (instead of quot; artisticalquot;).
Examples of words-paronyms:
diplomat - diplomat;
signature - painting;
essence - being;
an act is a misdemeanor;
eskurs - excursion;
base - basis;
educational - educational;
female - feminine;
crocodile - crocodile;
critical - critical;
logical - logical;
effective - effective;
practical - practical;
dangerous - cautious.
to dress (whom?) - to put on (what?);
to pay (what?) - to pay (for what?);
Youngster оплатил travel. We are on time paid for utilities.
Verb imagine has the value of "hand to read"; quot; introducequot ;. Therefore, it combines with the words:
documents, report, diagram, project, guest, scene from a performance or movie, mentally (imagine).
The verb-paronym provide to put in someone's order. It is combined with the following words:
vacation, choice, position, room, location, information, credit, opportunity, word, help.
I will not dwell on what paronyms are. The question of examples, it means that I will bring them only. The meaning of each word (if it is needed) can be seen in the explanatory dictionaries:
The pioneer is the instigator.
Bestial - brutal.
Dramatic - dramatic.
Rhythmic - rhythmic.
Language - language.
The age-old is eternal.
Long - long.
Rain is rainy.
Romantic - romantic.
Business - business.
Opazlivy - dangerous.
Word-paronyms in Russian are not so much. Paronyms are words that have a similar spelling or sound, but the meaning is completely different.
Here are some examples of pairs of words-paronyms:
neighboring neighbor room;
and so on.
In Russian, there are quite a lot of paronyms-these are words that, as a rule, have the same root, as well as a similar sound, differ from each other by prefixes or suffixes, but the main difference between paronyms is in their meaning . Paronyms can not replace each other. Paronyms are 4-x species: complete, incomplete, partial, conditional.
In some cases, the paronyms are fairly easy to confuse with each other, in difficult situations one can look at the quot; Russian Paronyms Dictionary.
Examples of paronyms:
to bear, give birth;
Paronyms (from the Greek para near, onyma name) is a very interesting group of words, different in meaning, but similar in sound and writing, из-за чего люди частенько путают их.
Ignorance is ignorant, where Nevzha is an ill-mannered man, and the Ignorant is uneducated.
Announcement Unsubscription, where the list of blunders, unsubscribe is a formal answer.
Ball Ball, where the Ball is a social event with dancing, and a Ball mark.
Subscription Subscriber, where Subscription is a document certifying the right to do something, and Subscriber is a person having a Subscription.
Breathe Sigh, where Breathe a separate air intake into the lungs, and Breath intensified inhale-exhalation.
Effective Effective, where Spectacular is what impresses others, and Effective is effective, yielding positive results.
Stone Rocky, where rocky is covered with stone, and Stone made of stone.
Business and Business, where Business is all that has to do with business, and Businessman is an enterprising, skillful person.
Foldable Warehouse where Folding is all that can be folded, and Warehouse is all that belongs to the warehouse.
Tactical - Tactical, where Tactile - has tact, and Tactical - refers to tactics.
Dress up Wear, where to dress yourself, and to wear someone.
To break To break, where to Break to destroy, to bring out worthless, and To break to have feeling of an ache in an organism.
Introduce To be Presented, Where To introduce to name your name, and Celebrate to die.
Learn - Learn where to learn - to make something intelligible, and Learn - to learn some skill.
Distinguish Distinguish, where Distinguish recognize with the help of the senses, but Distinguish something from something or in the meaning of Reward.