Reform of Solon?

Reform of Solon?

  1. Thank you very much
  2. The reforms of Solon were carried out in the 6th century BC in Athens.
    The main goal of Solon's reforms was to reconcile the interests of various warring factions free. Therefore, they were compromised, half-hearted.
    Solon's reforms were an important stage in the formation of the state in Athens, and their results can be compared with the political revolution. First of all, Solon conducted a syshchia debt reform, which meant direct interference in property relations. Debt of the poor was canceled. The Athenians, enslaved for their debts, were released, and those sold for debts abroad were redeemed. Debt slavery in Athens has been canceled.
    Sisakhfiya infringed on the interests of the tribal nobility and was a concession to the demos. At the same time, Solon did not fulfill the important demand of the poor, he did not redistribute the land, although he established the maximum amount of land ownership. But having resolved in the interests of the rich Athenians the free purchase and sale of land and the fragmentation of landed estates, he made inevitable further land deprivation of the poor.
    Solon's name is also associated with the qualitative reform, which was aimed at destroying the hereditary privileges of the nobility, replacing the privileges of origin with the privileges of wealth. Solon fixed the division of citizens into four categories according to their property.
    The richest citizens were assigned to the first category, the less wealthy to the second, etc. Each category had certain political rights: public posts could only be occupied by citizens of the first three categories, and the post of the archon (and therefore the member of the Areopagus) is only citizens of the first category . The poor, who were in the lower, fourth category, this right was still deprived. But they could participate in the people's assembly, whose role is increasing. The meeting began to draft laws, elect officials and receive reports from them.
    Simultaneously, Solon made concessions to both the poor and the Eupatridians, the interests of the former were reflected in the creation of a new judicial organ of helium, to which any Athenian citizen could be elected, regardless of his property status. In the interests of the latter, a new governing body was established, the Council of four hundred electing from the citizens of the first three classes of 100 people from each tribe, where the tribal traditions and the influence of the Eupatridians still existed.
    Reforms struck at the tribal organization of power and the privileges of tribal aristocracy. They were an important stage in the formation of a political organization in Athens. But the compromise nature of the reforms prevented the resolution of acute contradictions. Reforms caused discontent of the clan aristocracy and did not fully satisfy the demos. The struggle between them continued and after a while led to the establishment of the tyranny of Pisistratus, and then his sons (560527 BC), which consolidated the successes of the demos in the struggle against the aristocracy and consolidated the political system created by Solon. Existing governing bodies continued to function, but now under the control of the tyrant who seized power. The tyrant in Athens was considered to be an illegal ruler, not necessarily establishing a cruel regime.
    However, these events required ever increasing money, the replenishment of which was entrusted to the wealthy Athenians, which eventually aroused their discontent. With the support of Sparta, who feared strengthening Athens, tyranny was overthrown. The ensuing attempt of the aristocracy to seize power ended in failure. Relying on the poor, the rich trade and craftspeople of the Athenian slaveholders, headed by Klisfen, expelled the Spartans and consolidated their victory with new reforms.
    ..a more .. see the link is blocked by the decision of the project administration
  3. Thank you very much
  4. Reform of Solon ?!
  5. please tell me (reasons for reform)?
  6. Solon carried out debt reform
  7. 594
  8. To deliver the benefit to the Athenians was the aim of Solon's reforms. He rightly found that the root cause of all the disasters of Athens and Attica is the bad relations between the estates, too much inequality of states, a sharp contrast between the class of full citizens, landowners, and the mass of impoverished farmers and other workers without rights. In those poems of Solon, where he himself glorifies good laws, the reformer censures the greed of the rich who, in order to increase their wealth, commit oppression, seize someone else's good, without thinking about divine justice, which will be punished by them and with them by a state that allows their iniquity.

    Soon, Solon said, Athens will suffer an inevitable calamity: either it will fall under the yoke of shameful slavery, or the discord of citizens will provoke an internecine war; the blossoming power of husbands will fall to the dust, and the dear homeland will perish from the fury of armed struggle. Crowds will lead the unfortunate into a foreign land, bound by chains, and will sell them in slavery on the markets. 594 BC

  9. 1) Abolition of long slavery.
    2) Separation of citizens into four property classes.
    3) The Council of Four Hundred and the People's Assembly at Solon
  10. To deliver the benefit to the Athenians was the aim of Solon's reforms. He rightly found that the root cause of all the disasters of Athens and Attica is the bad relations between the estates, too much inequality of states, a sharp contrast between the class of full citizens, landowners, and the mass of impoverished farmers and other workers without rights. In those poems of Solon, where he himself glorifies good laws, the reformer censures the greed of the rich who, in order to increase their wealth, commit oppression, seize someone else's good, without thinking about divine justice, which will be punished by them and with them by a state that allows their iniquity.

    Soon, Solon said, Athens will suffer an inevitable calamity: either it will fall under the yoke of shameful slavery, or the discord of citizens will provoke an internecine war; the blossoming power of husbands will fall to the dust, and the dear homeland will perish from the fury of armed struggle. Crowds will lead the unfortunate into a foreign land, bound by chains, and will sell them in slavery on the markets.

  11. The reforms of Solon were carried out in the 6th century BC in Athens.
    The main goal of Solon's reforms was to reconcile the interests of various warring factions free. Therefore, they were compromised, half-hearted.
    Solon's reforms were an important stage in the formation of the state in Athens, and their results can be compared with the political revolution. First of all, Solon conducted a syshchia debt reform, which meant direct interference in property relations. Debt of the poor was canceled. The Athenians, enslaved for their debts, were released, and those sold for debts abroad were redeemed. Debt slavery in Athens has been canceled.
    Sisakhfiya infringed on the interests of the tribal nobility and was a concession to the demos. At the same time, Solon did not fulfill the important demand of the poor, he did not redistribute the land, although he established the maximum amount of land ownership. But having resolved in the interests of the rich Athenians the free purchase and sale of land and the fragmentation of landed estates, he made inevitable further land deprivation of the poor.
    Solon's name is also associated with the qualitative reform, which was aimed at destroying the hereditary privileges of the nobility, replacing the privileges of origin with the privileges of wealth. Solon fixed the division of citizens into four categories according to their property.
    The richest citizens were assigned to the first category, the less wealthy to the second, etc. Each category had certain political rights: public posts could only be occupied by citizens of the first three categories, and the post of the archon (and therefore the member of the Areopagus) is only citizens of the first category . The poor, who were in the lower, fourth category, this right was still deprived. But they could participate in the people's assembly, whose role is increasing. The meeting began to draft laws, elect officials and receive reports from them.
    Simultaneously, Solon made concessions to both the poor and the Eupatridians, the interests of the former were reflected in the creation of a new judicial organ of helium, to which any Athenian citizen could be elected, regardless of his property status. In the interests of the latter, a new governing body was established, the Council of four hundred electing from the citizens of the first three classes of 100 people from each tribe, where the tribal traditions and the influence of the Eupatridians still existed.
    Reforms struck at the tribal organization of power and the privileges of tribal aristocracy. They were an important stage in the formation of a political organization in Athens. But the compromise nature of the reforms prevented the resolution of acute contradictions. Reforms caused discontent of the clan aristocracy and did not fully satisfy the demos. The struggle between them continued and after a while led to the establishment of the tyranny of Pisistratus, and then his sons (560527 BC), which consolidated the successes of the demos in the struggle against the aristocracy and consolidated the political system created by Solon. Existing governing bodies continued to function, but now under the control of the tyrant who seized power. The tyrant in Athens was considered to be an illegal ruler, not necessarily establishing a cruel regime.
    However, these events required ever increasing money, the replenishment of which was entrusted to the wealthy Athenians, which eventually aroused their discontent. With the support of Sparta, who feared strengthening Athens, tyranny was overthrown. The ensuing attempt of the aristocracy to seize power ended in failure. Relying on the poor, the rich trade and craftspeople of the Athenian slaveholders, headed by Klisfen, expelled the Spartans and consolidated their victory with new reforms.
    ..a more .. see the link is blocked by the decision of the project administration
  12. years of reform of Solon - 594 year BC. e.
  13. 594 r e n e
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