Pamukkale is one of the main brightest diamonds in Turkey's rich necklace of sights. It is believed that not seeing Pamukkale means not seeing Turkey. And this is not surprising, because a unique masterpiece of nature, which has no analogues in the world - Pamukalle - is inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Pamukkale in Turkish means "Cotton Castle". Its enchanting white-blue architectural ensemble resembles a cotton plantation or a fairy-tale palace made of powdered sugar. This complex of thermal springs is located in 250 km from Antalya airport, in Western Anatolia to the north of the city of Denizli.
When you see Pamukkale, you simply stop with delight and seeming unreality of what you saw. The base of the volcano is surrounded by an 150 meter original dazzling white cascade of petrified waterfalls from calcareous tuff and stepped terraces of lakes of blue and turquoise colors. The basins of the basins, which here are about 20 000, are lined with lace bumps of stalagmites and stalactites, sparkling with all the colors of the rainbow in the sun. The area of the largest basins reaches 100 m2, the depth varies from 0,5 to 2,5 m. This natural miracle of Turkey was formed as a result of the activity of hot mineral springs, which, escaping from the clefts of the hills, covered them with limestone deposits, forming white travertines. Words can not convey all the fabulous beauty of these places - it just needs to be seen! Not surprisingly, the first thing that tourists recall visiting Pamukkale is Turkey.
I appreciated the unique beauty of Pamukkale and Andrei Konchalovsky, choosing him for the role of the nymph Calypso when shooting the film "Odyssey."
There is even a legend about the miraculous properties of Pamukkale springs from local residents. According to her, a girl from a poor family was not so beautiful that she decided to commit suicide by jumping off the cliff. But instead, in the fall, having come to the source, she became a beauty.
The Romans considered this fabulous place the dwelling place of the gods, which gave healing powers to the springs, so they built the city of Hierapolis (
The healing properties of the sources have not a mystical but scientific basis. In Pamukkale there are 17 types of mineral waters. Salty, sparkling mineral water resembles Borjomi in taste. Thermal waters are rich in hydrocarbon, calcium sulfate, magnesium, contain bicarbonates, and are saturated with ions. The average temperature of Pamukkale springs is + 36С.
Thermal sources of Pamukkale are recommended for the treatment of rheumatism, hemorrhoids, various burns and ulcers, hypertension, paralysis, rickets, in case of cardiovascular system failures, gastrointestinal tract, nervous system, eye, and skin diseases.
The muds of Pamukkale are shown in the treatment of pathologies of the joints, allow to reduce weight, exert a tonic and restorative effect, help to cleanse the body of toxins, and have a good cosmetic effect. The course of treatment lasts from 1 to 3 weeks, so near Pamukkale there are many sanatoriums that conduct medical procedures. Today millions of people from all over the world come to Pamukkale not only to enjoy the unforgettable unique beauty of its landscapes, to make excursions to the ancient city of Hierapolis, but also to strengthen health.
The pride of Turkey - Pamukkale - is open for tourists around the clock. However, in order to preserve this miracle of nature, the movement of tourists was somewhat restricted - they took a special territory for walks. The entrance costs 10 Turkish Lira.