On the sunken snags, the stems of large plants and other underwater objects lives a special world of sedentary animals that do not bother themselves with the pursuit of prey. There sometimes it is possible to find brownish or greenish growths reaching several centimeters in thickness. link blocked by project administration
Through the smallest pores of the sponge bastardssuck in water and filter out of it food particles - bacteria and microscopic algae. In the body of the sponge is well developed skeleton, consisting of individual silicon needles, it is well felt if you try rubbing a piece of sponge between your fingers. In autumn, the surface of the sponges is covered with numerous golden-yellow balls - wintering buds.
These animals settle on stony ground and lead an attached lifestyle.
Sponges are extremely primitive organization.
Their vital activity is associated with a continuous percolation through the body of water, which, due to the beating of many flagellar cells, enters the pores that penetrate its surface, and, having passed through the system of canals and chambers, comes out.
The skeleton of the sponges is formed by flint needles, the ends of which are bonded by an organic substance to the spongin, which gives the sponges greater strength and stability.
Sponges grow very slowly, their growth is 1-3 mm per year.
The role of sponges in the Baikal ecosystem can not be overemphasized. Experiments have shown that a sponge of 5-7 cm in size per day is capable of percolating 10-20 liters of water.
From water these animals extract food particles (detritus, protozoa, bacteria, algae), as well as dissolved mineral substances, including silicon, which builds their skeleton.
Since the Baikal sponges reach considerable sizes and form mass settlements on the bottom of the reservoir, their role in bottom-water biofiltration processes is extremely significant.
In addition, sponge colonies are the basis of specific benthic communities.
The entire body of the sponge, including its base, completely covering the stones, is a refuge for many other organisms.
Both on the surface and inside the sponges, it is always possible to detect crustaceans, larvae of mosquitoes, ringlets, caddis flies, worms and other small animals.
Freshwater sponge banyag - an ancient medical product, it is well studied by physicians and cosmetologists
BADYAGA (bodjaga), the common folk name for freshwater Spongilla sponges, having a skeleton of flint needles. Often Badyaga lives symbiotic with single-cell algae. Dried Badyaga in the people plays the role of blush: when rubbing the cheeks, the sponge needles strongly irritate the skin and cause blush. It was used in folk medicine.
the same as shnyaga
An animal of origin means.
BADIAG , bodyaga g. waterga, visha, ladle, water plant Spongia or Badiga fluviatilis; from friction they are smudges and abrasions on the body, which he heals; inside give from scrofula, but harmful. Badyagovy, badazhny, related to badaga. Badyaga, badyazhka novg. toy, a little thing for fun. Make a mess, make a mess, make a joke, make fun, make someone, fool around. All the people were laughing, badlyazhnichal, and so wasted, that it was no good at all. Badazhnik m. Jester, joker, lyasnik, baluster, prankster, inventor, merry fellow.
There is hardly anything more entertaining than the stories of our grandmothers about how they took care of themselves in those (for us dense) times when they were still girly. What is not in those stories! And rouge from beet, and shampoo from a crust of bread ... But it's still so-so, flowers. But berry can quite be called such extreme ways to conquer beauty, such as, for example, the use of badyagi.
Badyaga ordinary is nothing like an ordinary freshwater sponge. It is found on underwater objects (snags, stones) and the view is incorrect. The color of a badyag can be the most unexpected: either green, yellow, or even brown. Sometimes there is badyaga with branched processes. In many rivers and lakes of Russia, you can find whole colonies of intestinal cavities, and the length of the colonies sometimes reaches 40 centimeters!
You can meet someone, but is it nice? Ask those who tried to get the badyag, and hear a little pleasant. The buckyard extracted from water has the appearance of a mucous mass with an unpleasant odor. Of course, you can delay this occupation closer to the winter, when the badyaga dies. It forms a large number of gemmules for winter; these are such winter buds. By spring, they burst, a checkered mass falls out of it, which is attached to the bottom of the reservoir. This is where the growth of the young sponge begins ...
Live buckyages are painted in green, yellow or brown. The skeleton of the badyag consists of silicon spicules and protein spongin.
Reproduce sexual way, as well as budding. In the temperate zone, the badyagi die off for winter, forming a large number of winter kidneys (gemmul) of spherical bodies less than 1 mm in diameter, dressed with a strong protective sheath. In spring, young sponges develop from gemmules.
Collect badyagu throughout the summer! They are cleared of silt, earth, sand and residues of objects to which it was attached, washed well and dried in the sun. Three years after that it can be used. However, when processing a badyagu, you need to be extremely careful: if you press down or rub it, you will immediately get a smudge or a bruise. In the reference book, this property is written as follows: Since the bady skeleton consists of a looped network of silica needles interconnected by organic matter (spongin), its action is based on mechanical irritation of the skin, which allows you to effectively remove the affected skin, get rid of dandruff and remove skin itchiness
Badyaga is collected throughout the summer and dried colonies of coelenterate animals sponges - spongy - Spongilla lacustris L., S. fragilis Leidy, Ephydatia fluviatilis (L.), family Badagovye - Spongillidaceae. The powder is greenish-gray with a specific smell.
A freshwater sponge bath sponge is an old remedy for resorption of stagnant spots, infiltrates (local seals and increased tissue volume due to inflammation or other causes, after surgery and other surgical procedures) and hematomas. Has a pronounced antiseboric (otschelushevayuschimi) properties. The drug and cosmetic effects of the badyagi are well studied.
Traditionally it was used in the form of ground powder of a sponge containing silica needles that penetrate into the upper layer of the epidermis, causing local irritation of the skin, widening of the subcutaneous capillaries and more deeply embedded blood vessels. This contributes to the activation of the superficial blood supply, weakening of local pains and provides an excellent resorption effect on the affected areas. When applying badyaga local release of biologically active substances: autacoids, kinins, histamine, prostaglandins, which promote the healing of damaged tissues, resorption of scars and seals.
This is to sour not sour, and the bruise absorbed!
Freshwater sponge and a drug that resolves the hematoma.
Badyaga bodyaga g. waterga, visha, ladle, water plant Spongia or Badiga fluviatilis; from friction they are smudges and abrasions on the body, which he heals; inside give from scrofula, but harmful. Badyagovy, badazhny, related to badaga. Badyaga, badyazhka novg. toy, a little thing for fun. Make a mess, make a mess, make a joke, make fun, make someone, fool around. All the people were laughing, badlyazhnichal, and so wasted, that it was no good at all. Badazhnik m. Jester, joker, lyasnik, baluster, prankster, inventor, merry fellow.
Healing herb, used treatment for bruises Muddy cases.
Powder of grass. Lotion of bruises, it helps. Children did.