On the sunken snags, the stems of large plants and other underwater objects lives a special world of sedentary animals that do not bother themselves with the pursuit of prey. There sometimes it is possible to find brownish or greenish growths reaching several centimeters in thickness. link blocked by project administration
Through the smallest pores of the sponge bastardssuck in water and filter out of it food particles - bacteria and microscopic algae. In the body of the sponge is well developed skeleton, consisting of individual silicon needles, it is well felt if you try rubbing a piece of sponge between your fingers. In autumn, the surface of the sponges is covered with numerous golden-yellow balls - wintering buds.
These animals settle on stony ground and lead an attached lifestyle.
Sponges are extremely primitive organization.
Their vital activity is associated with a continuous percolation through the body of water, which, due to the beating of many flagellar cells, enters the pores that penetrate its surface, and, having passed through the system of canals and chambers, comes out.
The skeleton of the sponges is formed by flint needles, the ends of which are bonded by an organic substance to the spongin, which gives the sponges greater strength and stability.
Sponges grow very slowly, their growth is 1-3 mm per year.
The role of sponges in the Baikal ecosystem can not be overemphasized. Experiments have shown that a sponge of 5-7 cm in size per day is capable of percolating 10-20 liters of water.
From water these animals extract food particles (detritus, protozoa, bacteria, algae), as well as dissolved mineral substances, including silicon, which builds their skeleton.
Since the Baikal sponges reach considerable sizes and form mass settlements on the bottom of the reservoir, their role in bottom-water biofiltration processes is extremely significant.
In addition, sponge colonies are the basis of specific benthic communities.
The entire body of the sponge, including its base, completely covering the stones, is a refuge for many other organisms.
Both on the surface and inside the sponges, it is always possible to detect crustaceans, larvae of mosquitoes, ringlets, caddis flies, worms and other small animals.
Freshwater sponge banyag - an ancient medical product, it is well studied by physicians and cosmetologists
BADYAGA (bodjaga), the common folk name for freshwater Spongilla sponges, having a skeleton of flint needles. Often Badyaga lives symbiotic with single-cell algae. Dried Badyaga in the people plays the role of blush: when rubbing the cheeks, the sponge needles strongly irritate the skin and cause blush. It was used in folk medicine.
the same as shnyaga
An animal of origin means.
BADIAG , a bodyguard. Vodag, visha, helper, water plant Spongia or Badiga fluviatilis; from friction, they are smeared and bruised on the body, which he heals; inside give away from scrofula, but is harmful. Badaagovy, besyazhny, to the badyag belongs. Badyaga, badyazhka nov. a little thing for fun. Wrinkle badyady, spoiling, joking, making fun of someone, fooling around. All people have mixed up, spoiled, and so got rid of it, which is not good enough either. Badyazhnik m. Fool, joker, liasnik, balyasnik, prankster, entertainer, merry fellow.
There is hardly anything more entertaining than the stories of our grandmothers about how they took care of themselves in those (for us dense) times when they were still girly. What is not in those stories! And rouge from beet, and shampoo from a crust of bread ... But it's still so-so, flowers. But berry can quite be called such extreme ways to conquer beauty, such as, for example, the use of badyagi.
Common sparrow is nothing more than an ordinary freshwater sponge. It occurs on underwater objects (snags, stones) and the sight is wrong. The color of the badyaga can be the most unexpected: it is green, then yellow, or even completely brown. Sometimes there is a badyard with branching processes. In many rivers and lakes in Russia, you can meet whole colonies of coelenterates, and the length of the colonies sometimes reaches 40 centimeters!
You can meet someone, but is it nice? Ask those who tried to get the badyag, and hear a little pleasant. The buckyard extracted from water has the appearance of a mucous mass with an unpleasant odor. Of course, you can delay this occupation closer to winter, when the badyage dies. It forms a large number of gemmules for winter, such winter buds. By spring, they burst, from there falls out such a checkered mass, which is attached to the bottom of the reservoir. This is where the growth of a young sponge begins ...
Live buckyages are painted in green, yellow or brown. The skeleton of the badyag consists of silicon spicules and protein spongin.
They reproduce sexually, and also by budding. In the temperate zone, the badyagi die to winter, forming a large number of winter buds (gemmul) of globular bodies less than 1 mm in diameter, clad in a strong protective shell. In the spring, young sponges develop from the gemmules.
Gather the badyago for the whole summer! Purify from silt, earth, sand and the remains of objects to which it was attached, well washed and dried in the sun. Three years after that it can be used. However, treating the badyag, you need to be extremely cautious: crush or pound you will immediately get a leaking or abrasion. In the handbook this property is written as follows: Since the skeleton of the badyagi consists of a loopy network of silica needles linked together by an organic substance (spongin), its action is based on mechanical skin irritation, which effectively removes the affected skin, eliminates dandruff and removes dermal itching.
Badyaga is collected throughout the summer and dried colonies of coelenterate animals sponges - spongy - Spongilla lacustris L., S. fragilis Leidy, Ephydatia fluviatilis (L.), family Badagovye - Spongillidaceae. The powder is greenish-gray with a specific smell.
A freshwater sponge bath sponge is an old remedy for resorption of stagnant spots, infiltrates (local seals and increased tissue volume due to inflammation or other causes, after surgery and other surgical procedures) and hematomas. Has a pronounced antiseboric (otschelushevayuschimi) properties. The drug and cosmetic effects of the badyagi are well studied.
Traditionally it was used in the form of ground powder of a sponge containing silica needles that penetrate into the upper layer of the epidermis, causing local irritation of the skin, widening of the subcutaneous capillaries and more deeply embedded blood vessels. This contributes to the activation of the superficial blood supply, weakening of local pains and provides an excellent resorption effect on the affected areas. When applying badyaga local release of biologically active substances: autacoids, kinins, histamine, prostaglandins, which promote the healing of damaged tissues, resorption of scars and seals.
This is to sour not sour, and the bruise absorbed!
Freshwater sponge and a drug that resolves the hematoma.
Badyaga bodiaga. Vodag, visha, helper, water plant Spongia or Badiga fluviatilis; from friction, they are smeared and bruised on the body, which he heals; inside give away from scrofula, but is harmful. Badaagovy, besyazhny, to the badyag belongs. Badyaga, badyazhka nov. a little thing for fun. Wrinkle badyady, spoiling, joking, making fun of someone, fooling around. All people have mixed up, spoiled, and so got rid of it, which is not good enough either. Badyazhnik m. Fool, joker, liasnik, balyasnik, prankster, entertainer, merry fellow.
Healing herb, used treatment for bruises Muddy cases.
Powder of grass. Lotion of bruises, it helps. Children did.