Fishu came to us from France of the XVII century. At that time, this concept meant a light lace or cambric scarf. They were used to cover the deep neckline.
Today, Fichu is regaining its former popularity. Now they are knitted by hand from very thin threads. Most often, these shawls are performed in two versions:
- in the form of a right triangle with one longer end;
- in the shape of a semicircle: wide in the center and narrowed at the edges.
Do needlewomen increasingly raises the question: how to knit fishyu needles. The scheme and description can be easily found on the Internet. However, in order to be satisfied with the result obtained, the knitter must take into account a number of nuances.
The most important element for any knitting is, of course, yarn. Regardless of which scheme and description are used when knitting a fish with knitting needles, it is better to give preference to thin threads (100 grams must contain at least 400 meters). Shawls tied with thicker threads look coarse. Knitting needles for knitting must be of high quality. So more likely that thin threads will not break. It is most convenient to knit shawls with circular knitting needles. If we talk about thickness, knitting needles that are no thinner than the 3 number and are not thicker than the 4 are best suited for the laced variants of fich. For a set of loops it is advised to use knitting needles on 2 units are thicker than workers.
Naturally, knitting is impossible without a pattern. Many use electronic options. But when knitting phishyu with needles, the scheme and description for beginners, as well as those who do needlework away from the computer, should be printed out. Those who plan to knit fish regularly, it is advisable to purchase special tags. If desired, they can be replaced with pins. Most often, these tools are used when recruiting a working edge and marking rapports. You will also need needles: thick with a blunt end to close the hinges and tailors with rings for locking.
Set of loops
For a set of loops, you need to take knitting needles on 2 numbers thicker than those on which to knit. This achieves maximum elasticity of the edge. Putting together two needles, gain loops in the amount indicated by knitting needles with a pattern and description explaining knitting.
It is important to take into account that usually you should gain a huge number of loops: at least three hundred. It is very easy to get confused in the calculations. That is why experienced masters advise to use labels. When a small block of loops is typed (for example, 50), a needle is put on the knitting needle. When they reach the desired number of set of loops finish.
After the required number of loops will be collected simultaneously on the 2 knitting needles, one of them is carefully removed. Regardless of how one suggests knitting a first row in a shawl with a fichyu, using knitting needles for a pattern and description, it should be performed only with facial or seamy ones. In this case, knitting is done with a knitting needle of working size Subsequently, a series knitted in such a way will be considered as a dial.
A huge number of loops in the work on fishu leads to the fact that there will be a lot of rapports in the canvas (often more than 50). You can avoid mistakes and miscalculations by marking them out immediately in knitting. This can be done directly on the knitted fabric with a contrasting thread. However, it is more convenient to use tags that are hung on the needle in the right place between the loops. In the process, they simply spread from one spoke to another.
Knitting shortened rows
Curious is the fact that the fichu, unlike other shawls, most often fit in with the lace border. After you finish working on it, you must shape your product. Most often, fichu looks like a semiring with fairly narrow ends.
Usually on the Internet it is not difficult to find pictures with knitting needles with diagrams and descriptions. They always tell how a certain shape is given to the selected product. However, it is not easy for novice needlewomen to deal with how the shortened rows are knitted. That is why this issue should be discussed in more detail.
When the openwork is finished, it is necessary to count half of the loops on the knitting needles and place a mark here. The next row fits in to the middle - plus 5. Then knitting unfolds, knit again to the middle (plus 5). Again, a turn is made, the 9 loops fit, and the last tenth is knitted with the next. This avoids holes when partially knitting. After a few more loops are added (usually from three to five). Expanding each time knitting, gradually add several loops to it. The procedure is repeated until all the loops are knitted. The shape of the future shawl depends on the number of knits to be added to each row of loops. The fewer they are, the wider and more rounded the fish will be.
Most often, when knitting fish with knitting, the scheme and description offer their own way of closing the loops. In this case, the resulting edge should be quite elastic. Most ways to achieve this do not allow. One of the most suitable methods of closing loops in the case of knitting a shawl fishu many consider the method proposed by Elizabeth Zimmerman. It involves the use of needles.
To perform it after knitting is finished, the thread is unwound from the coil, which is approximately 4 times longer than the web width. Its end is inserted into a thick needle. Then it is inserted into the first two loops on the spoke from right to left, the thread is pulled, but the loops are not removed. After that, from left to right, the needle is pulled through the first loop, which is dropped from the needle. Such actions are repeated until the very end of the series.
An important step in the manufacture of shawls is washing and locking. They are performed after the knitting is finished. First, the product should be washed in warm water using liquid means for knitted things. If that was not available, you can replace it with regular shampoo.
Do not rub the shawl too hard. It is enough just to soak in water with the addition of a product for about 10 minutes. After this, the fish must be thoroughly rinsed and lightly pressed.
Now, using needles with ears, the shawl should be split on a flat surface or, as the needlewomen say, make a lock. Most often use a sheet, laid on a carpet or blanket. First of all, you should pin the middle, then gradually block the edges in turns. After the fish completely dries, it should keep its shape. If this does not happen, you will have to crack the shawl anew and gently steam it with an iron through a damp cloth.
Description fichyu "Tenderness"
If desired, on the Internet you can find a huge number of options for fichu knitting, the scheme and description of which will not cause major problems for experienced knitters. Those who knit such a shawl for the first time can be advised to start by trying a nice version called “Tenderness”. It is distinguished by a rather simple scheme consisting of 48 rows of openwork. Rapport usually includes 18 loops.
First you need to dial 309 loops. Dialing should be as free as possible. It is thanks to this that the hem of the shawl will later be quite patterned. The first row in this product is tied with one purl loops. On the proposed scheme there are colored squares. The edge marks are marked yellow, the additional loop of the last rapport is marked green, the empty cells are blue (those that should not be taken into account when knitting). Even rows fit in a pattern.
After the work on the 48 rows of the scheme is completed, the knitting of shortened rows begins. For this is the middle, it is marked. Then the loops knit up to the mark plus fifteen. After the reversal, the loops are knitted again to the middle with an additional fifteen. After that, the technique of shortened rows is performed with the addition of 3 loops in each of them. Finish knitting phishyu with knitting patterns and description offer 43 and 45 rows of openwork pattern. After this loop must be closed with a needle and make a lock shawls. Even a beginning needlewoman can cope with knitting a fichu. The main thing is to have a great desire, to adhere to the advice and first choose a simpler model.