Dance is an important part of national culture. Its roots lie in ancient times. For a long time people in the dance splashed out their strongest emotions: love, hate, happiness and sorrow. Someone from the great said: "Movement is life." Therefore, the dance can tell a lot about the traditions and history of the nation, in the midst of which it originated, as well as the mentality of people.
Art rural and urban
French dance in the old days was very popular. It was performed wherever people gathered. For example, on the field at harvest time, when the sun was hot, and the peasants took a break to catch their breath and dine. In the evening in the tavern after a busy day, the tipsy French spilled their stored energy with the help of dance. At the fairs, semi-professional artists (similar to Russian buffoons) “turned on” the townspeople with cheerful music and dances.
The old French folk dance originated in the peasant environment is called branl. This is a well-known dance. Almost all European nations have circular dances. It is associated with the ancient cult of the sun. Branl was accompanied by singing. This is a fun and fast dance. Branl was very popular in France in the 13-15 centuries. Known regional varieties of such a dance.
Branl is based on a step to the side with a parade. Sometimes this dance was performed with jumps. This Branl called fun. In the 16 century, this ancient dance was performed at court. Very beautiful Branle with a candlestick. The host, holding a large candelabrum in his hands, exchanges it with the lady, who herself becomes the main one. At the heart of such a bran is courting. Dance includes signs of respect - curtsy and bows.
Mosaic of movements
A French dance with the name Bourrée originated in the province of Auvergne. The famous gavot was also born there. These dances were transformed into courtiers, and then entered the arsenal of classical ballet. In modern choreography, the term "burr" refers to steps of a special type.
Farandola - Provencal dance. It is based on circular movements, in particular rotation. In the Middle Ages, farandola was performed in a round dance.
Ancient French dance rigodon originated in Provence. The peasants of this province have long been energetic and fun, so there are many active movements in Rygodon, such as bouncing on one leg, spinning. In the 17 century, this dance was performed at the courts of aristocrats. Later rigodon becomes the property of instrumental music. Lully, Rameau and Handel included him in their suites. In 19 and 20 for centuries, rigodon became the object of attention of composers who stylized the music of the past.
Ancient French paspier dance originated in the north of the country. The probable region of its origin is Normandy. This dance is very ancient. In the old days, it was performed to the accompaniment of bagpipes, so the passport music usually contains repetitive elements. A famous minuet from the peasant dance of the province of Poitou turned into a symbol of gallantry and elegance of the era of the King of the Sun.
A French dance called saboteur was performed in a special shoe. These were wooden shoes with slightly upturned toes. Sabo - so called shoes. It was usually hollowed out from a single piece of wood. The saboteur is a relatively slow dance. Clumsy shoes interfered with quick movements. For saboteurs, they are characterized by prints and blows with hard shoes on the floor.
In the 19 century, French dance received new stimuli for development. After the revolution, urban entertainment significantly democratized. There were also new dances. Cotillion is known since the beginning of the century. Translated from French, this word means "skirt", as well as "circular formation of pairs." Cotillion - a kind of mix of all known at the time of dancing. It could include figures of waltz, ecoseza, mazurka. The movements were chosen by the leading performers and signaled to the musicians about them.
The quadrille dance couples in which the partners are opposite each other. This is a quick and fun french dance. The name of his figures is very original. The movements were defined by the words of the song that accompanied the dance, and were called “pants”, “summer”, “chicken”, “pastoral”.
The symbol of Paris
The quadrille option is the famous cancan. He appeared in Paris in the third decade of the 19 century. Cancan danced in the Moulin Rouge cabaret. It became a symbol of places of entertainment and red light districts of the past. Initially, the cancan performed individual artists. For a long time, he was considered obscene because of the splits and high fly legs. In the English version, the cancan danced in line. At the start of the 20 century, choreographers combined solo performance with ensemble. So there was the famous "French cancan", known to us for women's screaming and laughter.
The most popular music accompanying the dance is the play by Jacques Offenbach from the operetta “Orpheus in Hell”. Today, visitors of the Moulin Rouge come to see the very famous cancan that serves as the hallmark of Paris.
In the 20 century, French art shows off new dances. They are often called street. It is with France that vertigo is associated - a kind of electro-dance.