Virtually every detail in the computer is extremely important, and if you deprive the motherboard of one or another component, you can eventually find an absolutely idle computer, even if some trifle was removed. This applies particularly to the processor, because this seemingly insignificant part of the PC is the brain of any computer, although not everyone correctly understands the purpose of the processor.
First of all, choosing such components, you should pay attention to the speed of the tasks, because depending on the power of this element will directly depend on the speed of processing and execution of various commands. But initially you should generally understand what the purpose of the processor is and what it is.
What it is?
The central processor is intended for processing the program code. In other words, the purpose of the processor is to perform all operations associated with data processing, as well as control the operation of various peripheral devices. Among the main characteristics of this element is to highlight:
- clock frequency;
- digit capacity;
These characteristics have a direct impact on the cost of this device, but we should not forget about such a factor as a brand, because often it is also quite important.
What affects each parameter?
Speed is responsible for how many operations can be performed every second, and since the purpose of the central processor is to process data, this is extremely important for it. The clock frequency is measured in MHz. The time interval between two pulses is equal to one clock cycle; as a result, the more productive a processor model you use, the less clock cycles it will need in order to perform certain actions. The maximum amount of data that can be processed and transmitted by the microprocessor at one time is the bit depth.
What are they like?
Initially, the processors were single core. That is, when you run several procedures on a computer at the same time, it seemed that the processor was engaged in performing all these actions at the same time, but in reality, all actions were performed alternately, just for each operation it took only a few fractions of a second.
The main assignments of the processor with two cores have already been significantly expanded, since all tasks were solved simultaneously, not to mention how productive today are the devices equipped with four or six cores. However, you should not be mistaken, considering that the number of cores directly affects the power and speed of your computer, since you should not forget that the other processors can be assigned to other parameters. The characteristic of the clock frequency and digit capacity are also quite important parameters that you definitely need to pay attention to when choosing such devices.
In addition, modern processors are distributed among themselves by manufacturers. For decades, there have been battles between fans of devices from Intel and AMD, but none of the companies has so far been able to prove that its brand is definitely the best.
Also, considering which processors and types of processors have, it is worth highlighting the software systems that are also referred to in this way. In particular, we will focus on text and table utilities.
The purpose of a word processor is the writing or subsequent modification of various documents, as well as the layout of the text. Also, these utilities are used to preview documents in the form in which they will be printed.
It is worth noting that the purpose of the word processor today is significantly different from what these devices had only a few years ago. After all, before they could just type and type texts, while today they can format fonts and paragraphs, check spelling, create tables, and also insert various graphic images.
The most famous type of such processors is Microsoft Word. The purpose of the Word processor is precisely in typing, as well as its improvement and spell checking. Due to the widest functionality, as well as the fact that the utility initially stands in the Windows operating system, it is so popular today.
The purpose of the table processor is to work with different spreadsheets. Initially, such utilities involved processing only two-dimensional tables filled with various numerical data. However, over time, various utilities began to appear, which in addition included graphical, textual and a number of other multimedia elements in the tables, expanding the main purpose of the table processor.
As in the previous case, the most widely used program is Microsoft Excel. The purpose of the spreadsheet Excel processor is to perform a whole complex of tasks, but first of all with the help of such software various calculations are carried out. For a long time, the overwhelming majority of calculations are carried out in tabular form, and therefore these programs are still in great demand today.
The diverse purpose of the tabular processor is ensured by the fact that the modern software uses an extremely wide toolkit, which includes a variety of mathematical functions that allow for extremely complex financial, statistical and other calculations.
How to choose?
So that you don’t make a mistake and buy a really good device that could fully meet your needs, you should take into account such parameters as:
- high clock frequency;
- Number of Cores;
- system bus frequency;
- system cache size;
- type of cooler.
Depending on the number of cores, the likelihood that your processor will be able to pull some games of the latest generation or the most modern utilities designed to work with various 3D models changes. The frequency of the system bus directly affects the performance of the equipment, and the size of the system cache is no less important, since it stores the program code and all the information the user needs. Thus, the faster the memory will be, the more productive the device will be.
It is equally important to pay attention to the quality of the installed cooler, because, acquiring the latest CPU models, but not providing them with the necessary cooling, in the end you risk not only not getting pleasure from modern games, but also running into a sudden replacement of this component, which will begin with a permanent computer shutdown.
If you are mostly interested in a variety of video games, then you should make a choice in favor of AMD processors, as they are much more compatible with modern video cards. It is worth noting that the cost of such devices with the same characteristics is an order of magnitude lower compared with devices from a competing company.
If you are interested in multitasking, then in this case you should pay attention to the proposals from Intel. Since the processors from this company function an order of magnitude more quickly and efficiently, as well as they are characterized by a higher clock frequency than the previous ones, users often prefer them. But in fact, you shouldn’t forget that the cost of such components is approximately 40% higher compared to AMD offers that have similar characteristics.
Intel Core i3
Intel Core i3 is a processor whose purpose and capabilities were an order of magnitude ahead of similar models of its time. It was a new-generation dual-core processor designed for entry-level PCs. The device was equipped with a built-in memory controller. It is worth noting that in such processors there is a built-in controller for the PCI Express 2.0 x16 model, and it is precisely due to it that the graphics accelerator can be directly connected to the CPU. For all models of this type, the standard clock frequency is 133 MHz.
Intel Core i5
This series of processors is distinguished by advanced intellectual performance, which significantly increases if there is a need to implement various resource-intensive applications. Such devices can fully automatically distribute the available power between processes depending on the tasks and needs of the user.
It is worth noting that in this series, in addition to the dual-core, quad-core models of the latest generation also appeared, and the devices themselves are actively used today in the mid-level PC. The processors use a built-in dual-channel memory controller, the voltage of which is just 1.6 B. As in the previous case, this processor uses exactly the same built-in controller, and the video card in x16 mode can be connected directly to the chip in those models where there is an embedded graphic core GMA HD. In order to ensure the optimal launch of demanding applications, in this line of processors decided to implement the technology Turbo Boost, in which the automatic increase of the clock frequency in the event of such a need.
Intel Core i7
This series of processors includes quad-core and six-core devices. This equipment is the latest generation of processors that are used in personal computers of the highest class.