It has long been known that "rabbits are not only valuable fur, but also 3-5 a kilogram of dietary meat." Perhaps this is all that most people know about rabbits. Although it is worth learning more about these useful farm animals. For example, there is a breed of gray giant rabbits.
History of the breed
The first little rabbits of the final breeding breed managed to be obtained at the Petrovsky animal breeding farm of the Poltava region. Long work on selection in 1952 has been completed. The work was carried out with the Flandr rabbits and the purebred local rabbits. In the course of the work, the rabbits were rejected, which did not have the desired characteristics. Only those animals were allowed to breed, which could pass on the necessary characteristics of the breed to the next generation. Large mass and size transferred from the Flandres. Good adaptability and high fecundity - from mongrel animals.
Breed gray giant differs large size. The weight of an adult animal is 4-7 kg, but still individuals are more common on 5-6 kilograms. The body of a rabbit in length is of the order of 56-66, see. In principle, it is a medium-sized animal with a massive bone structure. The rabbit has a large head, large ears, large legs. Legs of rabbits of this breed are long and straight. The chest can be up to 40 cm in diameter.
Rabbit gray giant has not too thick, but rather strong and warm wool. The quality of the undercoat is lower than that of animals that are bred for their fur (domestic rabbit breeds such as Soviet, black-brown or Viennese blue chinchilla).
Inside the breed of these rabbits there are several colors. The most common dark gray color. But sometimes there is a gray hare and a glandular gray color. In addition, despite the name, rabbits of this breed can have white or black colors. In a situation where cubs of a standard color have cubs of other shades, do not pay attention to it. The breed characteristics of these animals will be fully present.
In rabbits with a gray hare color, the paws on the inner side and abdomen will be completely white, and the axial hairs will have non-uniform color.
Like other rabbits of meat breeds, these animals need fresh feed. A very important role in the proper cultivation of animals is played by fresh grass and vegetables. For proper digestion it is necessary to avoid overfeeding animals with herbs such as alfalfa or field clover. In young animals, the abundance of such food causes bloating of the stomach. In order to avoid such problems, these herbs must be wilted before feeding. To do this, let the grass lie down in the shade for two days.
Rabbits will be very happy with fresh vegetables, such as carrots, cabbage, zucchini, pumpkin, squash, radishes. They eat corn and peas well, but these crops should be given in very limited quantities, as they can damage digestion.
Separately, it should be noted that feeding these (like all other) rabbits with wet grass is strictly prohibited. In the rain, the grass must be dried. If this is not possible, it is better to give hay than to feed on wet grass. Of course, to give spoiled, rotten food to animals can not in any case.
In addition to grass and fresh vegetables, rabbits are fed grain. Animals love this food, they eat it well, but even here they should not make concessions and feed them with cereals all day.
Whatever the rabbits fed, they need clean water to drink. It is better not to put the liquid in the open access, and equip the housing of animals with special drinkers. Then the water will remain clean and the health of the rabbits will not suffer.
Breed gray giant (like other rabbits) - rodents, they constantly grow incisors. In order to give animals the opportunity to properly grind their teeth, it is necessary to ensure that they always have branches of plants in the aviary. If animals are raised in wooden cages, they will gnaw cages - this is the nature of rabbits.
Breed of rabbits gray giant perfectly feels in different climatic conditions. Animals easily adapt both to the mild climate of the south and to the conditions of the harsh winter in the north. To keep rabbits in the north there is no need to create special conditions. There is no need to insulate the cells. For the winter is perfect warm wooden dwelling.
The gray giant rabbit is a rather sociable and friendly animal, therefore it is possible to keep them not in single cells, but in cages in whole groups.
The main condition for healthy rabbits is cleanliness. Clean the litter cage regularly. At least twice a year it must be disinfected with chlorine, lime, or a blowtorch. It is especially important to follow the cleanliness when the rabbit is preparing for the birth of babies. Before settling a new animal, it is also worth disinfecting.
The gray giant rabbit will get along well not only in a cage, but also in sheds, and in a city apartment. The animal is well tamed, so it can become an excellent pet for any family.
The content of rabbits in the cages
The cage for outdoor content must be at least 40 cm high, 60 cm long, 36 cm wide. The roof should open for ease of maintenance and inspection. The cage should be in a bright place, but sheltered from the heat. Must be water and food. The floor should be covered with tin to protect rabbits from rats. If rabbits have a two-story cage - the walls of the second floor must also be covered with tin.
Content in the aviary
When kept in an open-air cage, it is especially important to monitor the cleanliness, since rabbits should never run over manure. The litter needs to be constantly changed, avoiding dampness of the material.
Keeping rabbits at home
Metal lattice cages with trays are suitable for keeping rabbits at home, for simplified maintenance. In these cells should also be water in the drinkers and always fresh food. The gray giant rabbit is not suitable as a toy for children. His character is quite friendly, but its size does not allow the child to cope with the animal. Therefore, the child can only engage in feeding the rabbit, or it is worth considering another breed.
A very important aspect when considering the breed is the gray giant rabbit - breeding. The natural fertility of the rabbits of this breed plays a significant role. For one okol the female gives birth from 8 rabbits. Sometimes rabbits appear and 14, but still quite rare. The undoubted dignity of the breed - rabbit never eat newborn babies. Milk eared mom enough, so you can leave all babies born on natural feeding.
Rabbits can start offspring from the age of three months, but it is better to spend the first time in 5-6 months. Pregnancy last for 28-35 days. Moving rabbits indicate the approach of childbirth - usually this happens around 25 day of pregnancy.
When the pregnant rabbit begins to tear out the wool, it means that she began to build a nest. Most often, the gray giant rabbit begins preparation for 3-4 the day before birth, but some females may begin to build the nest and just before the nest.
The majority of births occur in the early morning, so carefully examine the place around the cage and nest - a newborn can crawl away from the mother and die from hypothermia. To interfere in the process of delivery is not worth it. The exception is when the rabbit obviously does not cope and she needs the help of a specialist. The shell on the rabbit shoots itself rabbit. The placenta is also destroyed by it.
If at first it seems that the rabbit is not engaged in cubs - this impression is deceptive. Rabbits are not like other animals, they can approach the offspring just a couple of times a day, and for a very short time. Rabbits start to get out of the nest after opening their eyes - approximately on 12 day. If you notice a blind little rabbit outside the nest, place it in its place, as it may die.
During pregnancy and lactation, thorough care and additional nutrition are necessary for females of any breed of rabbits (the name does not play a special role). The gray giant will require additional cell care and more protein-rich feed.
Newborn baby rabbits weigh about 80 grams. When properly fed and cared for 2 months, they weigh around 1.5 kg. By four months, a healthy animal is gaining 2.6 kg. If necessary, higher rates in the diet of rabbits need to add food rich in protein.
It is possible to set baby rabbits off at the age of one month.
The use of rabbits
Representatives of the gray giant breed are rabbits of meat breeds. The main purpose of their content is meat, which has high taste and dietary qualities. Rabbit meat is classified as white meat. For people with various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, it is truly an ideal food, as it contains more protein than meat of other animals, and much less fat.
When treating oncological diseases, it is very important to include the meat of young rabbits in the diet. This is due to its interesting and useful ability to reduce the dose received during the treatment of radiation. Curiously, the rabbit under the age of 7 months does not accept strontium-90, which is the product of the decay of herbicides and pesticides.
Rabbit interior fat is an excellent healing agent. Since this fat is also a reliable anti-allergic agent, it is used in the manufacture of cosmetics, using it as a base.
The most dietary will be a three-month gray giant rabbit. The price of such meat is higher, but the benefits of it are much higher. You can buy a rabbit with a live weight of approximately 400 rubles per kilogram.