South America is a continent with many different climatic zones where representatives of twelve states live. Each of them is distinguished by a bright culture and its own customs, and also boasts natural beauty. The nature of South America is rich and diverse, which attracts many tourists to the continent, along with the unusual architecture of Argentina, the Inca heritage in Chile and Peru and the famous dance carnival in Brazil. What is interesting you can learn about this area?
Starting to list interesting facts about South America stands with unique natural phenomena. For example, here is the most famous lighthouse of natural origin. Even now, when orienteering to the sea and the ocean is happening quite differently, sailors around the world are familiar with the view of the volcano Italco. It is located on the coast and rises to two thousand meters. So famous Itzalko was due to volcanic activity. Every eight minutes there is a buzz from the ground all over the district, then clouds of smoke rise above the crater on the top. They grow up to three hundred meters to the sky, while hot lava pours out of the volcano. The eruption process remains unchanged for two hundred years. Impressive dimensions and such an unusual feature make the South American volcano Itzalko a reliable guide in any weather and at different times of the day. In addition, this place attracts tourists.
The driest desert in the world
The inland waters of South America include the basin of one of the most famous rivers in the world - the Amazon. Nevertheless, there are also arid areas on the continent, mostly covered with rainforest. The record is the Atacama Desert. This is the driest place on the planet. Mentioning interesting facts about South America, do not forget the Atacama. In the desert, which is located in the north of Chile, there was no precipitation for four centuries. Scientists have accurately fixed the gap from 1570 to 1971 year. In recent decades, there are still rainfall, but their number does not exceed a millimeter. Humidity in the desert is zero. That is why the local mountains, despite the impressive height of seven thousand meters, are completely devoid of a glacier on the summit. However, there are also unique situations. In May, the 2010 of the year suddenly snowed here, drifts covered all the nearby cities. Urban infrastructure stopped working due to an emergency, and children saw snow for the first time in their lives.
Feast of death
Those who are fascinated by interesting facts about South America and its culture cannot but know about the mysterious Day of the Dead - Dia de los Muertos. This is an annual celebration dedicated to the dead. It is known that the locals celebrated the Day of the Dead three thousand years ago, which makes it not only interesting, but also the oldest known event to humanity. The emergence is associated with the culture of the Aztecs, who worshiped the goddess Mittlanciuatl, the patroness of the underworld. In those ancient times, the celebration took several weeks and happened in the summer, in a special period, the exact scope of which is unknown. Conquistadors from Spain shifted the date to November, so that the celebration would be associated with All Saints Day, but these are completely different holidays, and they are not related to each other. On the first day of November it is customary to remember children, and on the second day, adults. Because of a completely different attitude to death (it is believed that the dead are happy and go to a world where they are better than they were in life), the holiday is not at all tragic. On the contrary, carnivals with bright traditional make-up take place these days, transforming those who celebrate into walking skeletons.
On the island of Trinidad, which is located near the shores of Venezuela, is an unusual reservoir. It is distinguished by black color and unique composition. The internal waters of South America, and indeed the fluid in the usual sense, have nothing to do with it. Rather, it resembles a lake of natural asphalt. The waves are forty percent bitumen, thirty percent clay, and only thirty percent salt water. This is the largest natural reservoir with asphalt on Earth. Local residents gave him the name of the lake Tar. The depth of the unusual reservoir is eighty-two meters, and the area is forty-five hectares. Its exact parameters are still unknown to scientists, although they do not stop working on its study. The surface is covered with a dense asphalt crust, so strong that you can walk on it. But it is better not to do this: from the depths of now and then burst bubbles of sulfur dioxide, tearing tar film. Over the years, the lake becomes more and more, absorbing the buildings standing on the banks.
The invention of Panama
Many misconceptions are associated with this continent. For example, the discovery of South America is not an achievement of Columbus, but of Magellan. Common name with the northern continent leads to errors. Misconceptions about the name associated with Panama. This hat was really invented in South America. That just happened not at all in Panama. They invented it in Ecuador and still produce it there. At the beginning of the twentieth century, the hat became famous and obligatory for every mod. The name is associated with the country through which it was taken to the north and to Europe. To create a Panama you need a special fiber of rare palm, which is then woven by hand.
Интересные факты о Южной Америке скрываются и в наименованиях здешних государств. Например, страна Венесуэла. Своим названием она обязана Веспуччи. Он осуществил не только открытие Южной Америки, но и обнаружил на побережье континента домики местных жителей, которые напомнили мореплавателю его родной город – Венецию. В честь нее он и прозвал открытый им край. Впервые такое наименование было использовано на картах уже в шестнадцатом веке. Еще одно интересное название – Эквадор. Изучение и описание Южной Америки активно велось конкистадорами, поэтому и наименования часто имеют испанский характер. Так и Эквадор: в переводе слово означает «экватор» и напрямую связано с географическим положением государства.