Rhythmic gymnastics is a popular sport among women. It consists in performing combinations consisting of dance and sports exercises with an object under musical accompaniment. Next, consider how gymnastics appeared (the history of its occurrence) in Russia.
Contribution to the development of rhythmic gymnastics
The scientific substantiation of the expediency of active physical education of the beautiful half of humanity was carried out by the French educators Francois Delsarte and Georges Demeny. Modern rhythmic gymnastics is very reminiscent of Isadora Duncan's improvised dances based on the principles developed by Delsarte.
Stages of the formation of rhythmic gymnastics
So, today we are interested in rhythmic gymnastics, the history of the emergence of this sport. It is believed that it appeared as a result of the merger of several sports areas:
- aesthetic gymnastics;
- rhythmic gymnastics;
- dance gymnastics;
- free dance.
Features areas of gymnastics
At the beginning of the XIX century, vocal teacher Delsart made a great contribution to gymnastics. He developed the principles of expressiveness of the body, outlined the connection between movements and the emotional state of a person. It was this Frenchman who first stated that the body has its own unique language. With his light hand a winged expression “body poetry” appeared. So aesthetic gymnastics appeared.
Emile Jacques-Delkroz, a teacher of singing and music, suggested using rhythm as an improvement not only of his soul, but also of his physical condition, as well as for the harmonious development of his personality. Thanks to this teacher, this kind of sport appeared as rhythmic gymnastics.
Dance gymnastics was invented by teacher Georges Demini. He justified the need to use dance exercises for the development of flexibility, smoothness and correct posture. Such intensive steps developed gymnastics, the history of which will be considered by us today.
The founder of the free dance theories was the legendary dancer Isadora Duncan. She managed to shake the dogmas of traditional ballet. The girl’s movements combined both sport and the art of dance. It was in the hands of Duncan during the dance that a beautiful scarf developed, so reminiscent of a ribbon in modern rhythmic gymnastics. Her movements included smooth walking, running. The dancer was the first who was not afraid to speak to the public barefoot and without a corset.
According to experts, it was the confluence of these four areas that led to the rise of modern rhythmic gymnastics. This insanely elegant and beautiful sport today still combines aesthetic, graceful dance and difficult gymnastic exercises.
Gymnastics: history of origin in Russia
Women's rhythmic gymnastics became widespread in the USSR almost immediately. So, in 1941, the first large-scale championship was held in Leningrad.
After this event, the development of rhythmic gymnastics in the Union stopped because of the outbreak of World War II.
But already in 1947, the First All-Union competition was held. Three years later, Kiev held the first USSR championship.
In 1950, the Soviet gymnasts learned the whole world. They began to be sent regularly abroad with demonstration performances. In 1960, women's rhythmic gymnastics teams from the USSR, Czechoslovakia and Bulgaria met for the first time in Sofia.
The USSR Rhythmic Gymnastics Federation was established in the autumn of 1963. In the same year, the International Gymnastics Federation officially recognized rhythmic gymnastics as a full-fledged independent sport. After that the first world championship in the history of this sport was held.
Considering the topic "The history of gymnastics" briefly, one can not fail to mention the first gymnasts who went down in history with their high achievements. In 1963, L. Savenkova was titled as the absolute world champion in rhythmic gymnastics. In 1969, at the world championship in Varna, G. Shugurova became the owner of two gold medals. The athlete became the absolute champion of the USSR four times.
In 1977, the whole world learned about the legendary gymnast I. Deryugina. The athlete held the high status of the absolute champion in the USSR five times, won the USSR Rhythmic Gymnastics Cup, and also became the champion of Europe and the world in certain categories of exercises.
In 1985, G. Beloglazova became the absolute champion in the USSR.
Rhythmic gymnastics at the Olympics
For the first time at the Olympics, rhythmic gymnastics, the history of which we consider and develop today, was presented in 1984 year. At the Games in Los Angeles then won the athlete from Canada L. Fang. It should be noted that the main rivals of the gymnast were athletes from the USSR, but because of the boycott of the Olympic Games by the Soviet leadership, they did not take part in large-scale competitions.
In 1988, at the Olympics, held in Seoul, Belarusian M. Lobach won the championship. In 1992, in Barcelona, the Ukrainian champion T. Timoshenko won the title. In 1996, in Atlanta, Ukrainian E. Serebryanskaya became the first in rhythmic gymnastics.
Rhythmic gymnastics, the history of which was discussed above, for a short time interval managed to win world love. It is difficult to find a country in which this beautiful sport does not currently exist. Meanwhile, in every corner of the planet you can find a large number of excellent gymnasts.