The mechanism of the human foot is very complicated. While running, walking, jumping, this department of the limb is experiencing an enormous load every minute. In contact with the support, it passes through three motor phases: it retracts or retracts, bends or stretches, turns outwards or inwards. Therefore, it is not surprising that with such loads almost eighty percent of people have problems associated with this part of the leg.
The condition of the foot is affected by enough factors. Among them are physical activity, general health, a profession, and sometimes shoes. The depreciation mechanism, the ability of this department of the limb to become as flat as possible during loads, was defined by the term “pronation of the foot”.
How to determine its degree, find out why the injury occurred? This, of course, can only be done by a doctor. However, today many are trying to understand for themselves the causes of their ailments, so this article will be useful to them.
The pronation of the foot is its rotational movement inward. It helps to reduce the impact load, which is accompanied by the contact of a limb with a support, as well as dissipate it over the entire surface.
When there is excessive pronation, the person’s feet hurt or are often injured. Most often this is observed in runners, as well as in those who are very much in motion. As a rule, such people are provoked leg injuries, knees and sores near the tibia hurt.
The cause of these problems is flat contact with the support, with the result that the arch of the foot shifts inward and the toes outward. As a result, an excessive pressure is created on the tibial bone and, as a result, the effectiveness of muscles that stretch decreases.
The other extreme - supination or insufficient pronation of the foot - on the contrary, reduces the shock absorption in contact with the supporting surface, since in this case the person relies only on its outer part.
Neither excessive pronation of the foot, nor supination is undesirable. In both cases, biomechanical failures in a certain part of this department create an excessive load. And as a result, pathologies begin to develop. There may be, for example, deformation of the bones or the occurrence of a tissue protective layer, etc. The pronation of the foot may also have hereditary roots.
Of course, such a violation of motor function does not pose a threat to life. Perhaps, therefore, orthopedists do not sound the alarm when the pronation of the foot has excessive or insufficient indicators, especially since this ailment does not require a long-term medical treatment.
Most often, the doctor recommends that the patient wear special footwear that corrects the movement of the foot, and also use insoles insoles. This prevents the further development of the violation, and also returns to normal values, as a result of which the pain diminishes. Of great importance and special physical therapy. During it, the structures are consolidated and the pronation of the foot is normalized.