The result of technological progress and universal computerization has been a rapid deterioration in people's vision. According to statistics, approximately every third inhabitant of the planet has myopia, or myopia, 1 degrees. What it is was known even in the time of Aristotle, who noticed that some people squinted when looking at distant objects. But then it was a rarity, now many people can clearly see only what is close to them. The disease usually develops in childhood, and by 15 years, a third of students receive a diagnosis of myopia 1 degrees.
A healthy eye sees it because the rays of light, reflected from various objects, are projected on its retina and create an image. If myopia develops, it happens because the eyeball lengthens slightly. As a result, the image is projected not on the retina, but slightly ahead of it. Therefore, a person with myopia sees fuzzy objects remotely. Modern experts believe that this may occur due to underdevelopment of the muscles of the lens. Therefore, the eye becomes more oval and can not properly perform its functions. The disease can be of different types. According to how far from the retina the image is projected, a myopia of a weak, medium and strong degree is distinguished. Sometimes myopia is progressive or complicated by other diseases of the eye. But the most common myopia is 1 degree. What it is, is known to many mothers of school-age children. The disease usually begins before 18 years. Then the vision can only deteriorate or remain at the same level.
Causes of the disease
Experts estimate that more than half of the children who have both parents with myopia have poor eyesight. If the parents are healthy, then just 10% may develop myopia.
- Non-compliance with hygiene of sight.
Prolonged use of a computer and mobile devices or incorrect body position and reading light quickly lead to impaired vision. Excessive eye strain when examining small objects causes relaxation of the muscles holding the lens in a normal state.
- Improper diet.
Due to the lack of certain vitamins and trace elements in the diet, such as zinc and manganese, leads to abnormal development of sclera tissue.
- Vascular diseases.
They lead to insufficient blood supply to the eye tissue.
- Other disorders in health.
These may be birth injuries, severe infectious diseases, hormonal disruptions, or poisoning by drugs or chemicals. All this adversely affects the state of vision.
Symptoms of the disease
Most often, the myopia 1 degree of both eyes is observed already in 7 children of years. Sometimes parents find it difficult to recognize the first symptoms of the disease. They can manifest themselves only in the fact that a child often squints or tilts his head in order to consider something far away. When reading and looking at close objects, there are no problems. This is the main symptom of the disease, therefore, noticing it, you need to show the child to the doctor. If time does not begin treatment, myopia may progress. Most often this occurs before 20-22 years, but visual impairment may be at an older age. Progressive myopia without treatment can lead to retinal detachment and blindness. Frequent headaches and rapid visual fatigue are sometimes added to the deterioration of vision. Therefore, you need to take seriously the fact that the child was diagnosed with "myopia 1 degree".
How to treat a disease
Now there are three ways to improve vision:
- Correction with glasses and lenses.
- Treatment with gymnastics, physiotherapy or vitamin therapy.
- Surgical intervention - laser correction or scleroplasty.
Typically, the method of treatment is chosen by the doctor depending on the patient's age, his health condition and the degree of vision loss. It is easiest to help a child if he has a degree 1 myopia. The treatment in this case will consist in the fact that the small patient is prescribed glasses, which he must not wear constantly. Special exercises for the eyes, vitamins with lutein, color-pulse therapy, electric sound, phonophoresis and pneumomassage are also prescribed. Until 22 years, vision correction using surgery is performed only in very rare cases.
Myopia 1 degree in children
Acquired myopia is very rare in preschool years. Most often the disease is innate. If this happens, the first symptoms are observed already before the age of 1. Later on the likelihood of myopia
decreases because the child's eye grows and its structure changes. Usually, vision begins to deteriorate in children at school age. This is due to the increase in visual load and non-compliance with hygienic rules. For the correction of the disease before the age of 20 years, glasses are used that are not necessary to wear constantly. To choose the right glass, you need to accurately determine the state of the child. To do this, during the examination, Atropine is buried in the eye, causing relaxation of the ciliary muscle.
To prevent vision deterioration, you need to take preventive measures. Most of this applies to children from 7 years, because in adults, myopia rarely progresses. What you need to do:
- follow the nutrition of the child, he should receive with food all the necessary vitamins and minerals;
- ensure proper fit and light when reading and writing;
- Do not allow long-term watching TV and stay at the computer;
- teach your child to perform special offers for the eyes.
Nowadays, more and more children finish school with a diagnosis of myopia 1 degree. What it is, you need to know the parents to prevent visual impairment.