In recent years, herbal medicine has become popular again. Mostly in vain, but still effective plants, given to us by nature, return to the list of medicinal herbs. About the miraculous ginseng knows the whole world. About the healing properties of herbs such as St. John's wort, oregano, lime blossom, plantain, chamomile, many people have heard about it. Broths, infusions of them are often prescribed by attending physicians, complementing the herbal medicine treatment with chemical preparations. But what about the healing and other beneficial properties of the plant called fenugreek? "What is it?" - most likely will be heard in response.
In Latin Trigonélla, and in Russian fenugreek
В The legume family is a subfamily of the Moths, which includes the genus Fenugreek. Photos are unlikely to remind you of meeting an inconspicuous plant in a meadow or field. Fenugreek received its name from the old Russian word “pasture” - pasture. Most likely, the plant was named by the shepherds, who observed how the cattle with pleasure eat the thickets, especially the dried ones. Cows noticeably added in milk yield. Therefore, zealous owners, preparing hay for the winter, are satisfied if it contains fenugreek stalks. This feature is marked by botanists, who gave the name to the most common form - such as fenugreek. He had long been known to folk healers as Greek hay or Greek junk, fenigrekova grass, coarse, blue clover, gunba. In countries with natural fenugreek habitats, people have used it since antiquity, passing theoretical knowledge and practical skills from generation to generation.
Description of the plant
The life of fenugreek from germination to wilting is just one summer. Rounded hollow stem about a meter high, branching at the top. The leaves are small, trifoliate, like clover, in the axils of which there are umbellate (or racemes) sometimes single yellow inflorescences. It blooms from May to June. Fenugreek hay (all elements of the plant) has a specific smell. Fruits (small light brown prismatic seeds in thin pens up to 10 cm) ripen in July-August. They taste sweetish with a slight bitterness, nutty aftertaste and aroma.
Where is fenugreek used?
What is this plant and where can I apply it? First, it is healing. Immature, but more often ripe seeds are used, more rarely - blooming grass fenugreek. Included in the preparation of anabolic steroids for sports nutrition. Scientists have proven: fenugreek, the use of which has been used by alternative medicine since ancient times, still has therapeutic effects today: anti-inflammatory, regenerating, laxative and diuretic, hypoglycemic, anti-sclerotic, anabolic.
Secondly, beans are edible, the spicy and taste qualities of which are used in national cooking. In India and Egypt, fenugreek is adored. They know much more about plants in these countries than in Russia. There are natural areas or cultivated plantations where fenugreek grows. A photo of the vast areas sown in one of the regions of India is shown below. Only it is called there in another way. These are utskho suneli (Georgia), chaman (Armenia), fenugrek in Greece, Germany, Helba in Egypt, in India - shambala or methi.
Useful properties and composition of the plant fenugreek
The use of traditional medicine of plants in the treatment of many diseases due to the presence in them of biologically active ingredients. Why is fenugreek useful? Let us consider in detail its chemical and biological composition.
In the composition of the seeds were found:
- Proteins consisting of essential amino acids that serve as building materials for the human body.
- Steroid saponins: Diosgenin (enhances the body's production of sex hormones - progesterone and pregnenolone, which protects pregnancy and regulate menstruation, and in the male body are a counterweight to estrogens, who want to transform a male figure into a female one; to amino acids, glycogen to glucose; dioscin (has a weak anti-cancer effect.) Small amounts of other saponins are contained. They soften thickened sludge bw, show expectorant effect.
- Flavonoids: Vitexin - widens the channel of blood vessels, strengthens the walls of capillaries; izoviteksin - strengthens the nervous system; Vicenin - protects cells from radiation and oxidation; Luteolin - protection against cancer, allergies, aging of the body.
- Trigonelline. This substance, named after the trigonellas, is the word for fenugreek in Latin. What is it? Alkaloid first discovered in this particular plant. Its hypoglycemic and hypocholesterol action is beneficial - reduction of sugar and cholesterol in the blood.
- Choline (vitamin B4) - improves memory, is important for the nervous system, lowers blood sugar, prevents fat accumulation in the liver and regulates lipid (fat) metabolism in the body.
- Carotenoids. Fenugreek - a source of vitamin A, which ensures the growth of epithelial cells lining all body cavities, starting with the nasopharynx and ending with the urinary tract. Promotes the immune system, beneficial effect on vision.
- Vegetable mucus - envelops the inflamed parts of the internal cavities of the body, protecting them from irritation.
- Bitterness is a storehouse of health: it increases hormone production in the pancreas, activates bile production, strengthens intestinal perestaltic, helps the hormonal system, boosts immunity, reduces cholesterol, removes toxins, normalizes kidney function, metabolism accelerator, eliminates cravings for sweets (not without reason say: "That sweet cripples, the bitterness will cure"), contributes to the rapid saturation of food, reduces weight, strengthens blood, gives strength.
- Fatty oil is a source of polyunsaturated fatty acids, in particular oleic, linoleic and linolenic (regulators of many vital processes in the body), a supplier of vitamin E (antioxidant, protects the body's cells from oxidation, blocks carcinogens in the stomach, supports muscle activity and preserves skin, promotes regeneration cells).
- Essential (aromatic) oil - in ancient times used for embalming, now used for massage.
- Phenolic compounds. The most visible coumarins are enclosed in fenugreek. What is it? Anticoagulants that prevent blood clots.
- potassium (for the balance of water and salts, activates enzymes, is part of the cells of the body, nerves and brain);
- zinc (enzyme activator and DNA synthesizer, for growth and normal development, supports immunity and a sense of taste and smell);
- sodium (regulator of acid-water balance, normalizes blood pressure);
- calcium (blood clotting enhancer, heart rate regulator, supports bone structure and tooth enamel, muscles need for their reduction, for the production of hormones and enzymes, the transmitter of signals of the nervous system);
- copper (a key element of collagen of the skin and all connective tissues, it is necessary for pregnant women in the process of fetal development, heals wounds);
- manganese (for the metabolism of glucose and cholesterol, keeps the skin, bones and cartilage healthy);
- phosphorus (in combination with calcium forms bones and teeth, in which the content of the element 85%, the essential mineral is included in the composition of cells and nucleic acid in the genes);
- magnesium (demanded element - performs more than three hundred biochemical functions; relaxes muscles, stabilizes heart rhythm, synthesizes proteins, preparing them for use by the body).
Fenugreek in medicine
For centuries, in the Asian and Western European countries, this plant is considered the cure for thousands of diseases. The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia has added fenugreek seeds to the list of medicines. New scientific studies confirm the healing power of the plant.
Currently, an acute shortage of plant materials containing steroid saponins has turned the attention of pharmacologists to fenugreek, which can be used to produce cortisone and diosgenin - drugs.
Due to the high content of phytoestrogens, fenugreek is considered a female medicine. Healers are prescribed to take seeds in the last month of pregnancy and after childbirth. Fenugreek for lactation is the first and foremost remedy. It promotes the formation of the lactogenic hormone prolactin in the pituitary gland, which is manifested by an increase in the mammary glands and milk flow in large volumes. A sufficient amount of the same hormone prevents pregnancy during lactation.
Massaging the breast with olive oil with the addition of essential fenugreek increases the volume of the mammary glands.
Relieves painful menstruation and helps women during menopause to overcome the unpleasant sensations of hot flashes.
The Chinese use fenugreek (grass and seeds) in cases of male impotence. Regular (but not excessive!) Consumption of seeds increases libido and increases orgasm.
Useful to all
In Bulgaria, fenugreek seeds have long been used to recuperate.
In Egypt, yellow tea, which promotes thermoregulation, is popular: in the heat it cools and reduces sweating, improves mood. It is a febrifuge and expectorant for colds and lung diseases. He thins good sputum.
Regular consumption of powder from seeds strengthens the body. Facilitates the work of the gastrointestinal tract, increases perealtaltik intestine. Apply in powder with blisters - fenugreek eliminates food fermentation.
Helps to lose weight to obese people.
From the decoction of grass or seeds make baths with sweating feet. Lubrication of corns with essential oil heals them.
Poultice gruel of seed powder with the addition of vinegar softens the boils. The bandage from warm gruel, but without vinegar, clears open purulent ulcers, treats skin diseases, neuralgia, relieves inflammation in the joints.
Powder from seeds and fenugreek oil cleanse the body of cholesterol, resulting in reduced blood pressure. Helps to lose weight to obese people.
Fenugreek for hair (rubbing gruel into the roots, wetting it with infusion of strands) is an excellent way to get rid of dandruff and baldness.
Eating sprouts of germinated seeds, young shoots, infusion of seeds has an insulin-like effect - the level of sugar reduces not only stevia, Jerusalem artichoke, bean leaves, but also fenugreek.
Infusion: 2 Art. l seed poured a glass of boiling water. After the 5 hour infusion, drain the liquid. Inside - by & frac12; 3 cups once a day, This infusion also treats damaged hair, rubbing liquid into the roots.
Gruel: prepared from 2 Art. l seeds, filled with half a cup of boiling water - heated in a water bath until the water is completely evaporated and gruel is formed. Or boil the powder fenugreek powder.
Egyptian yellow tea (helba): wash the seeds of fenugreek; measure with a teaspoon of grain (a glass of 1 tsp is enough) that fall asleep in a saucepan and pour boiling water, boil 7-8 for a few minutes, then drain the liquid - this is tea, an unusual flavor of which is complemented with honey, lemon, ginger.
Men do not need to get involved in fenugreek immensely. Women need the advice of a gynecologist. For pregnant women until the last month of carrying a child and for those who have a high level of estrogen, fenugreek is definitely contraindicated.
Yellow tea helba is a miracle. Arabs easily cope with hot dry winds - instead of water, they drink yellow tea. In addition, it is nutritious, reduces the feeling of hunger, gives vigor and good mood.
Regular drinking of fenugreek infusion in the last month of pregnancy and during the feeding period has a positive effect on the quantity and quality of breast milk.
Adding fenugreek seeds (lightly roasted) or powder of them as a spice in various dishes improves their taste, adding spice.
Here is such a wonderful healer this fenugreek. Reviews of his power are numerous. This is really a medicine of nature, if not from a thousand, but from 100 diseases - that’s for sure.
For centuries in Asian and Western European countries, this plant is considered a cure for many diseases. New scientific studies confirm the healing power of the plant.