A person often faces different diseases and pathological processes. Some of them pass on their own, while others require competent treatment. This article will discuss what is inflammation of the hair follicles. Practically every person can face this pathology. It is worth knowing what a hair follicle is and how symptoms of its inflammation appear. We will also find out how to treat pathology.
Inflammation of hair follicles
This disease is called folliculitis. It can develop in any person. On the body, people have a lot of hair. And in each bulb they can develop folliculitis.
The hair bulb is inflamed for several reasons. However, in all cases, it begins the reproduction of bacteria. Most often it is staphylococcus.
Types of folliculitis
Inflammation of the hair follicles can have several different forms. They are divided according to what caused the pathology. So, doctors distinguish the following types of illness:
- parasitic form;
- pseudomuscular view;
- gram-negative form and some others (less common).
Causes of the disease
Inflammation of the hair follicles occurs due to the ingress of bacteria into them. This could be caused by a small injury or cut. Most often this happens during shaving or hair removal.
The reason for the development of pathology may be wearing tight clothes and underwear. Especially often with this face the weaker sex. This starts the inflammation of the hair follicles in the groin.
Elementary lack of hygiene, use of public saunas and swimming pools can lead to such pathology. In this case, the microbe can penetrate both through damaged skin and into a healthy follicle.
Symptoms of pathology
Inflammation of the hair follicles on the head or in any other places can be superficial or deep. In the first case, there is a slight redness in the hair and a small abscess that does not exceed the size of millimeters 5.
With deep inflammation occurs extensive damage to the upper layers of the skin. The abscess at the same time has the size from one to ten centimeters.
Defeat can be both single and multiple. In severe cases, there is pain and itching.
Inflammation of the hair follicle: treatment
To treat pathology or not, should be decided by a specialist. Consult a dermatologist and get a qualified appointment. In most cases, the treatment is performed surgically. It usually does not require the use of anesthesia. Only in particularly severe cases, representative anesthesia of the affected area is necessary.
Treatment of hair follicle inflammation is done with a scalpel or thin curette. The doctor treats the surrounding area and opens the abscess. After that, you need to thoroughly clean the wound from pus and disinfect it. In most cases, hair growing from a given follicle is completely removed with forceps.
After such treatment, it is necessary to treat the affected area several times a day with special solutions. What exactly suits you, the expert will decide. Most often appointed Zelenka, furatsilin, chlorhexidine or alcohol. In severe cases, with deep inflammation, it is recommended to use compresses with ichthyol. Apply these lotions need several times a day until complete recovery.
Alternative treatment: use of medication
Depending on the cause of the inflammation, additional measures may be recommended. If folliculitis is caused by prolonged use of hormonal drugs, then they are simply canceled. Of course, this takes into account the benefits and possible risks to the patient.
In addition, doctors prescribe antibacterial agents that affect the microorganism. However, before that it is necessary to pass an analysis to identify sensitivity to certain drugs. Often, doctors use the following medications: Metronidazole, Naxojin, Cefotaxime, and so on. Remember that without prior analysis, treatment may not be effective.
Ways to prevent disease
Is there any method that avoids inflammation of the hair follicle? Of course, yes. For a start, you should review your own lifestyle and observe basic hygiene. Regularly cleanse your body with gels and special scrubs. Take a shower at least once a day.
Try not to use other people's towels, handkerchiefs and clothing. Avoid dubious ponds, saunas and pools. If you are swimming, the water in a closed space should be chlorinated. However, its pH must be at least 8.
Avoid wearing heavy underwear. Avoid severe friction of clothing in the area of skin folds, for example, in the groin area. When depilating and shaving, always use emollients. After the procedure, apply to the skin alcohol softening lotions. They will help to disinfect the integument and prevent bacteria from entering the wound.
So, we have found out what is inflammation of the hair follicle. Also, you become aware of the symptoms and causes of pathology. Do not self-expose ulcers. Ask for help to a specialist who will provide you with the right help and prescribe subsequent treatment. Health to you!